Poster collection image ww1646-20.jpg shows cartoon-like image shows an American soldier responding to gas attack Did You Know?

14th Chemical
Maintenance Company

U.S. Army Chemical Corps
World War II

Part of a Chemical Warfare poster by unknown artist
Distributed by U.S. Army Orientation Course in 1943
Courtesy Northwestern University WWII Poster Collection

"The official function of a chemical maintenance company is to repair chemical warfare weapons and protective equipment and appliances; assist in salvage work and decontamination of contaminated clothing and such other decontamination as may be directed."

Capt. Donald S. Angell
14th CML Maint. Co.
07 February 1944

The following are some quick facts about the 14th, its soldiers, and their experiences in the U.S. Army during World War II.

  • Activation.  The 14th officially came into being on 1 August 1942 at Camp Rucker, Alabama.
  • Officers and Enlisted Men.  The 14th typically consisted of 4 officers and 119 enlisted men.  The officers were: a Captain, who commanded the company; a 1st Lieutenant, who served as the 14th's Executive Officer (second-in-command); and 2 Lieutenants, each of whom commanded 1 of the company's platoons.
  • Work Performed.  Based on official reports by the 14th, it typically salvaged or repaired damaged 4.2 inch mortars, flamethrowers, smoke generators, gas masks, and gas decontamination equipment.
  • United States.  From 30 July 1942 until 03 December 1943 the 14th was stationed in the United States at the following locations in the following order: Camp Rucker, Alabama; Manchester, Tennessee; Camp Forrest, Tennessee; Donelson, Tennessee; Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia; Fort McClellan, Alabama; For Benning, Georgia; Camp Wheeler, Georgia; Camp Gordon, Georgia; and Camp Shanks, New York.
  • Departure.  The 14th embarked on troop transport number NY 631 at Pier 90 in New York City at 0300 (3:00 a.m.) on 3 December 1943.  They sailed for Europe later that morning in a convoy of ships.
  • Crowded.  On the troop ship the 14th was quartered in a section constructed to hold a Maximum of 150 men, but there were 315 men using it because they had to share it with 2 Army Air Corps Companies.  The 14th's morale was rated as only "fair" due to the crowded quarters. 
  • Arrival in Europe.  The 14th disembarked at Gourock, Scotland (near the Port of Glasgow) at 1100 hours (11:00 am) on 9 December 1943 after a 6 day crossing of the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1st U.S. Army.  The 14th was assigned to the 1st U.S. Army from 14 December 1943 until 16 May 1945.
  • United Kingdom.  From 9 December 1943 until 26 June 1944 the 14th was stationed in England at these locations in the following sequence: Stanford-in-the-Vale; Camp Columbia "A" and "B" at Thatcham; Camp Brockley at Somerset; and Marshalling area "L" at Saltern Park.
  • Omaha Beach.  After sailing from Plymouth, England, a small advance party from the company landed on Omaha Beach in Normandy, France, at 2030 hours (8:30 p.m.) on 26 June 1944 (D-Day Plus 20) and bivouacked overnight in Transit Vehicle Area No. 4.  At 1420 hours (2:20 p.m.) the next day it was joined by the rest of the company, which spent that night in Area No. 4 also.
  • France and Belgium.  From 26 June 1944 until 04 March 1945 the 14th was stationed in France at the following locations in the following order: Mosles, Saint Marceuf, Moffet, La Loupe, La Capelle, Bruyers, and Ensival, Belgium.
  • Good Conduct.  Twenty-two of the 14th's enlisted men were awarded the Good Conduct Medal on 14 December 1944.
  • Bronze Star.  The following members of the 14th were presented the Bronze Star Medal on 8 January 1945: 
         Captain Donald S. Angell
         First Lieutenant Walter Kovacs
         Technical Sergeant Carl Bigler
         Technical Sergeant ______ Ingvaldson
  • Casualties.  Private First Class Jodice was killed during a German bombing raid in late July 1944.  Private First Class Washburn and Private J. Johnson were wounded by metal fragments from a land mine explosion on 23 March 1945.
  • Germany.  From 04 March 1945 until 12 June 1945 the 14th was stationed in Germany at these locations in the following order: Rolsdorf, Duisdorf, Marburg, Warburg, and Nordhausen.
  • Headed Home.  On 12 June 1945 the 14th was transferred from Germany to Camp Lucky Strike at St. Valery, France and then to Le Havre, France.  From there it sailed at 1415 (2:15 p.m.) on 24 June 1945 aboard the "Benjamin Huntington."  The 14th arrived at New York City on 7 July 1945 after spending 19 months overseas.
  • 30 Days at Home.  Starting 8 July 1945 almost all of the 14th's officers and enlisted men were "placed on temporary duty at their homes for 30 days recuperation."
  • Camp Polk.  Starting 13 July 1945 the 14th was stationed at Camp Polk, Louisiana.

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Created July 4, 2001. Last updated March 8, 2009.

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